Birth - Death
President of the Urban Development Institute in Quebec City (2016-2020). Former provincial party leader for the Partis Quebecois, 2005-2007. Between January 1996 and March 2003, served as Citizenship and Immigration Minister and Social Solidarity Minister under former Premier of Quebec Lucien Bouchard and as Environment Minister under former Premier Bernard Landry. He won the Parti Québécois leadership election on November 15, 2005. Former special advisor to Quebec Environment Minister on climate change, having served as the provincial delegate-general for the Province in New York City (2012-2013).