Birth - Death
384 - 322 BC
Greek philosopher and scientist. Prolific author on numerous subjects, including biology, poetry, physics, astrology, politics, zoology, ethics, logic and more. Teacher to Alexander the Great, and himself a student of Plato. Founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens. His process of reasoning enveloped a description of an object by way of their characteristics, then utilizing deduction and inference to interpret the object's nature - a method known as syllogism where the conclusion is inferred from two or more premises. Writings on logic include 'Categories', 'On Interpretation', 'Prior Analytic's and 'Posterior Analytic's. Gave a physiological explanation of passive homosexuality.
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